Starting an Etsy shop is an exciting journey for creative minds aiming to turn their passion into a profit. With the freedom it offers, it also comes with a responsibility – managing your finances. Staying on top of every sale, every expense, and understanding the intricacies of taxes and legal obligations is equally essential as crafting your unique products.
This article will guide you through comprehensive how-to bookkeeping for Etsy sellers, encompassing vital aspects such as Etsy costs, sales recording, tax responsibilities, and regular financial tracking. These are core components that not only ensure your legal compliance but also shape your strategic business decision-making process.
Understanding Etsy Fees and Expenses
Etsy has several types of fees that sellers should take into account when managing their bookkeeping. First, there is the Listing Fee. Etsy charges a $0.20 listing fee for each item that is listed on the shop. This fee is applied regardless of whether the item sells.
Next, there’s the Transaction Fee. Once an item is sold, Etsy takes a 6.5% cut from the sale price. This includes both the cost of the item and the delivery price.
Payment Processing Fees
Payment Processing Fees are another cost to consider. Etsy processes payments on behalf of its sellers and charges a fee for this service. The percentage varies depending on the seller’s location. For sellers in the US, the fee is 3% of the sale price plus a flat fee of $0.25 per transaction.
Etsy sellers can also opt to participate in Etsy’s advertising initiatives, known as Etsy Ads or Offsite Ads. Etsy Ads allows sellers to promote their listings within Etsy’s platform. If a customer clicks on an ad and then makes a purchase from the seller within 30 days, the seller is charged an advertising fee.
Offsite Ads promotes sellers’ listings on other websites, social media platforms, and search engines. Sellers are charged a fee if a shopper clicks on an offsite ad and makes a purchase from their shop within 30 days. The fee depends on the seller’s annual sales. For sellers who make less than $10,000 a year, the fee is 15% of the order value (up to a maximum of $100 per order). For sellers who make more than $10,000 a year, the fee is 12% of the order value, up to a maximum of $100 per order.
Chalk Up the Costs
Additionally, Etsy sellers should never overlook the various expenses related to their business operations. This may include the cost of raw materials, packaging, shipping, equipment, and even workspace costs.
All these costs might seem overwhelming at first, but understanding and keeping track of all your Etsy fees and expenses are integral for managing a successful business on the platform. It’s also crucial for tax purposes, as some of these expenses might be tax-deductible. Thus, it’s advisable to maintain clear and accurate records of these numbers for better financial clarity and potential tax benefits.
Recording Sales and Inventory
Get Familiar with Your Etsy Dashboard
As an Etsy seller, your Etsy Dashboard should be your go-to for tracking sales and inventory. Here, you can view your shop stats, recent activity, orders awaiting fulfillment, and more. Make a habit of checking your Dashboard daily to stay on top of your inventory.
Choose Your Bookkeeping Software
Determine whether you want to use bookkeeping software or stick with a simple spreadsheet in Excel or Google Sheets. Bookkeeping software can automate a lot of the work for you, but a spreadsheet may be enough if you’re not dealing with a high volume of sales. Popular software options include Quickbooks, Xero, and Wave.
Set Up Your General Ledger
In your bookkeeping software or spreadsheet, set up a general ledger. This is a central repository for your company’s financial data, where each transaction gets recorded. Your ledger should contain columns for date, transaction description, income, expenses, and balance.
Record Your Sales
After making a sale on Etsy, record it in your general ledger under the income column. Include the description of the product sold, the selling price, and the date of the sale. Remember to subtract Etsy’s selling fees from your total income.
Track Your Inventory
It’s important to track both your current inventory and the cost of the items you’ve sold (also known as Cost of Goods Sold or COGS). Each time you sell an item, update your inventory count in your bookkeeping system. Keeping track of your inventory not only helps with reordering products but also gives your financial situation clarity since it represents an investment.
Account for Cost of Goods Sold (COGS)
Next, calculate the COGS. This cost consists of the direct costs associated with producing the goods sold by a company. This amount comes into play when calculating your net income. COGS needs to be deducted from your revenues (income) to determine your company’s gross profit.
Automate With Apps
Several apps can be integrated with Etsy to make bookkeeping easier. For example, Craftybase allows you to track your sales, expenses, and inventory. It can even calculate your COGS. Meanwhile, QuickBooks Etsy integration can automatically import your sales and expense transactions.
Lastly, set aside time every month to review your books to ensure accuracy. This can help you identify trends or problems early and make plan adjustments where needed. Remember, organized and accurate financial records are crucial for your success as an Etsy seller. Periodic reviews and audits could save you from potentially expensive miscalculations in the long run.
Photo by cgower on Unsplash
Taxes and Legal Considerations
Etsy’s Policies and Procedures
Self-Employment Taxes for Etsy Sellers
When you sell on Etsy, you’re essentially running your own business and are considered self-employed. This means that you are required to pay self-employment taxes. In the United States, the self-employment tax is a social security and Medicare tax for individuals who work for themselves. It’s critical to set aside money throughout the year to meet these tax obligations.
Income Taxes and Deductions
In addition to self-employment taxes, Etsy sellers are required to pay income taxes on their earnings. Your profit from Etsy sales is considered taxable income. Therefore, you should be tracking your expenses and income. You can also reduce your taxable income by deducting your business expenses, which can include things like your raw materials, shipping costs, or even a portion of your home if you use it primarily for your Etsy business.
Sales Taxes for Etsy Sellers
Sales tax on Etsy is a bit complicated. When you sell a physical product to a customer in your state or a state where you have established tax nexus, you’re responsible for collecting sales tax. Many factors can determine a tax nexus, like having an office, inventory, sales rep, or even an affiliate in a state.
Etsy automatically calculates, collects, and remits sales tax for items shipped to some states, thanks to Marketplace Tax laws. But for others, you may be responsible for estimating and collecting the tax yourself.
Legally Operating a Business
Depending on your locality, you may need to obtain certain permits and licenses to operate your business legally. Requirements vary by city and state. Therefore, it would be prudent to do a deep dive into your local business regulations to ensure you’re following the law. This may also mean registering your business with the right government bodies.
Keeping Detailed Records
Last but not least, record-keeping is an integral part of bookkeeping. It would be best if you kept a detailed record of all your transactions, invoices, tax documents, and any other records that may affect your business. Good record-keeping practices can make tax time much less stressful and help you track your business’s financial health.
Remember, while this guide does cover the main points, laws and regulations can change, and they vary between locations. It’s always a good idea to seek advice from a tax professional or legal expert when setting up and running your business on Etsy.
Regular Financial Tracking and Reporting
Understanding How to Bookkeeping for Etsy Sellers
Bookkeeping is the practice of maintaining regular financial records related to your business. As an Etsy seller, bookkeeping involves tracking every financial transaction that occurs within their business. This includes expenses such as supplies, Etsy listing fees, shipping costs, and income from sales.
Developing Financial Records
To start keeping financial records, you will need a system to document all your transactions. This could be as simple as a spreadsheet, or you could use accounting software. Make sure to record both incomes and expenses, noting the date and a description of each transaction. Identify the category of each transaction; for instance, supplies, expenses, income, taxes, and fees. Regularly update this record for accurate tracking.
Creating Periodic Reports
Periodic financial reports are essential as they allow you to have a clear view of your business’s profitability. Decide on a frequency for these reports, such as monthly or quarterly. These reports should include an income statement (showing revenue, costs, and expenses over a period) and a cash flow statement (showing changes in balance, income, and cash outflows).
Assessing Growth and Profitability
By maintaining these records and creating reports, Etsy sellers can gauge multiple aspects, such as growth and profitability. Analyze the income statement to assess your revenue and align it to different periods or seasons to understand fluctuations. Your net profit margin – the percentage of your revenue that is profit – can indicate the degree of profitability.
Forecasting Future Profits
Beyond tracking past and current profitability, regular financial records can help predict future earnings. This involves using historical data to forecast future outcomes. Sellers can estimate future profits by looking at past trends in sales and costs over similar periods and consider any factors that may impact future sales, like market trends or upcoming product releases.
Making Informed Decisions
Based on your analysis, you can make informed decisions for your Etsy business. For example, if certain products have a higher profit margin than others, you may want to focus more on selling those items. If expenses are increasing faster than revenue, you might need to adjust your pricing or look for ways to reduce costs. In any case, the key is to utilize these data to inform your future action plans.
Regular Bookkeeping: A Must for Etsy Sellers
In conclusion, regular financial tracking and reporting is key to managing and growing a successful Etsy business. Learning to analyze and comprehend these figures enables Etsy sellers to make data-driven and informed decisions for their business, helping them achieve long-term profitability and success.
Creating and managing an Etsy shop may come with financial complexities, but with a robust understanding of bookkeeping, the journey can be smoother and more rewarding.
By acknowledging Etsy’s intricate fee structure, maintaining a meticulous sales and inventory record, understanding your tax obligations, and tracking your finances with regular reporting, you can harness your shop’s true potential.
It is about using these numbers and insights to drive your business forward, making informed decisions, predicting profitable avenues, and ultimately, achieving sustainable success. Whether you are just starting or have been running an Etsy shop for a while, consistent and accurate bookkeeping can be your roadmap to greater operational efficiency and increased profitability.